Well, a lot can happen over little more sunshine. It is that time of the year again when some countries get to enjoy the longest day of the year, the summer solstice.

The summer solstice falls on June 21 every year. While it is not a great deal in India, for select countries in the northern hemisphere, it is a day of fun, frolic, and colourful jamboree. 

Also called the midsummer, the summer solstice marks the longest day and the shortest night. It is also officially the commencement of summer bidding adieu to the blooms of spring.

Tracing the etymology, solstice means sun, sister. It takes place twice a year as summer and winter solstice. This year, the summer solstice is set to occur at 5.14 am EDT in the northern hemisphere.

While solstice is celebrated for the whole day, as per astronomical definitions, it takes place at a particular time when the Earth tilt is maximum or minimum from the Sun. 

When the Earth’s tilt is maximum towards the sun, it results in the longest day of the year. At this moment in time, the Sun shines bright over the Tropic of Cancer.

It is said that the rotation of the Earth is roughly tilted to about 23.4 degrees relative to the plane of its orbit around the sun.

During the winter solstice in December, the opposite phenomenon takes place where the Earth is tilted farthest from the Sun making it the longest night and shortest day.

Due to the tilt at the axis, all countries in the north of the equator experience daylight for over 12 hours while the ones in the southern hemisphere have day shorter than 12 hours.

Due to the tilt at the axis, all countries in the north of the equator experience daylight for over 12 hours while the ones in the southern hemisphere have day shorter than 12 hours.